Reports & Surveys
- A study from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit showed that Ottawa's Smoking Ban Has No Impact on Food, Drink Sales: U of T Research. June 18, 2003
- A City of Ottawa Staff Report released April 24, 2003 lists 181 new bars and restaurants to have opened since Ottawa's smoke-free bylaws took effect. To obtain the list of new bars and restaurants, please contact OCAT.
- 2004 Zagat New York City Restaurant Survey of nearly 30,000 restaurant patrons showed that 23 percent are eating out more often because of the city's smoke-free law, which was implemented in March 2003.
- New York City's smoking ban has no economic effect on restaurants and bars according to a study from the city's Department of Health. The study was based on data from the Department of Labor and showed seasonally adjusted employment in restaurants and bars increased by 0.9 percent, following the implementation of the smoking ban, compared to a 0.2 percent increase during the corresponding period in 2002. Furthermore, data from the city's Department of Finance showed a 12 percent increase in the amount of business taxes paid to the city in the months since the smoke-free law came into effect, when compared to the corresponding period in 2002.
- Roswell Park Study Reports Smoking Restrictions Have Not Harmed New York State Restaurant and Hotel Business. June, 2003.
- New California data shows a $10 billion increase in bar and restaurant sales since 1995 and most Californians support smoke-free public places.
- Economic Impact Analysis of the No-Smoking By-law on the Hospitality Industry in Ottawa. KPMG LLP Chartered Accountants, November 2002.
Main findings of the KPMG
- Due to the small survey response (only 51 bars submitted sales tax receipts out of the 150 sample) and biased self-selection occurred (some bars with increased sales did not respond to the survey), the smoking bylaws cannot be determined as the major cause of the economic downturn in the bar industry in Ottawa.
- It is more likely that the following factors have adversely affected Ottawa’s bar industry: September 11/02; high-tech crash; decreased tourism and business travel; changing customer preferences; and increase of liquor consumption in tandem with a decrease in beer consumption.
- In the overall economic context, the food and beverage industry (includes restaurants) is stronger than expected, which suggests that the smoke-free bylaws have had little or no negative impact on the industry as a whole.
- Economic Impact Analysis of the No-Smoking By-law on the Hospitality Industry in Ottawa, KPMG LLP Chartered Accountants, December 2001
Preliminary findings of KPMG report:
- Employment in the Ottawa accommodation and food service sector rose 6.5 percent from June to October (from 22,800 to 24,300) despite the decline in total employment from 585,500 to 566,900 (a decline of 18,600 or 3.1 percent).
- Employment Insurance claims in the accommodation and food service industries declined by 5 percent in August 2001 compared to August 2000 and by 9 percent in October over a year previous. Claims increased by 1 percent in September 2001 relative to a year earlier.
- Bankruptcy and insolvency statistics for restaurants were lower for the period August to November than they had been the last 2 years (7 versus 12 last year and 8 in 1999). Two tavern, bar or nightclub operations underwent insolvency procedures this year, versus 1 last year and 2 in 1999.
- Summary of Studies Assessing the Economic Impact of Smoke-Free Policies in the Hospitality Industry. (December 2002). Scollo Michelle and Lal Anita. VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control. Melbourne, Australia.
- A Decima Research poll conducted for the City of Ottawa (15 July 2002) shows that there is no net reduction in city-wide visits to bars and restaurants and public support has grown for Ottawa's smoking bylaw.
- Decima Research survey conducted for the City of Ottawa (16 October 2001) shows that Ottawa residents back the smoke-free bylaw by two to one. You can view this survey at www.Decima.ca.
- An Ottawa Sun poll conducted by Corporate Research Group reported that 29.5 percent of Ottawa resident were going out to bars and restaurants more often since the smoking ban was imposed, versus 16.9 percent who reported going out less often. 53.3 percent said the by-law had not impacted their social habits ("Poll Clears Air on Butt Ban Impact," Ottawa Sun, Wednesday, December 12, 2001).
- The Economic Impact of Smoke-Free Workplaces: An Assessment for Nova Scotia, by Ronald Coleman, Ph.D., GPI Atlantic (September 2001), Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Main points from the GPI Atlantic Executive Summary:
- Exposure to second-smoke is a serious health risk;
- Ventilation does not remove toxins or prevent ETS exposure;
- Smoke-free policy has no adverse effect on business and may be good for business;
- Tobacco industry arguments have been proven false.
- The Economic Impacts of the Proposed Amendment to the ETS Regulation, Pacific Analytics Inc., prepared for the Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia (February 2001)
Pacific Analytics document concludes that the introduction of the proposed WCB amendment (making all workplaces including hospitality premises 100 percent smoke-free) would likely have some negative short-term impacts (i.e., negative impacts for the first few months). However, in the longer term, no measurable impact on either employment or sales would be likely. Some regions in the province would certainly be affected to a greater degree. Nevertheless, the same conclusions are apparent: some short-term impacts but generally no longer-term effects. Of course, some establishments would suffer disproportionate impacts in the short-term; however, they would have the opportunity to construct (at reasonable cost) designated smoking rooms, which ought to alleviate much of those impacts.
- Smoking and the Bottom Line: The Costs of Smoking in the Workplace - Report Highlights. The Conference Board of Canada. January 1997.
- The Economics of Smoke-Free Restaurants Conference Board of Canada, March 1996.