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Municipal Bylaws

ONTARIO BYLAW SUMMARY

Classification of Municipalities

There are currently 446 municipalities in Ontario.

These municipalities are divided into different structural tiers. A "local municipality" may be called a city, a town, a township, a municipality or a village and can also be referred to as a "lower tier" municipality. Local or lower tier municipalities are also part of a higher level of municipal or "upper tier" government such as a county, region or district. A county or regional government is a federation of the local municipalities within its boundaries. An example of an "upper tier" municipality is the Region of Waterloo, which is composed of 7 local municipalities.

A "single tier" municipality is a municipality where there is only one level of municipal government in an area. Examples of a single tier municipality include the amalgamated cities of Toronto, Greater Sudbury, Ottawa and Hamilton.

Summary of Smoke-free Bylaws

Of Ontario’s 446 municipalities, there are 249 municipalities covered by some form of smoke-free workplace and/or public place bylaws. This analysis is divided into 3 groups with accompanying detailed charts:

  1. Municipalities with 100% smoke-free workplace AND public place bylaws (includes municipalities that allow for construction of DSRs - a separate chart is included).

  2. Municipalities with 100% public place bylaws ONLY.

  3. Municipalities with partial smoke-free workplace and/or public place bylaws.

An additional list of municipalities without smoke-free bylaws is also included. (NOTE: municipalities which only regulate municipal buildings or municipally-owned buildings are included in this category)

Municipalities with 100% Smoke-free Workplace AND Public Place Bylaws

  • There are currently 176 municipalities that are covered by both 100% smoke-free workplace AND public place bylaws. These municipalities consist of:
    • 25 cities (12 which allow for DSRs)
    • 9 counties
    • 3 regions (all regions allow for DSRs)
    • 15 towns (3 allow for DSRs)
    • 25 townships
    • 1 municipality
    • 1 village

  • 44 of the 176 municipalities allow for the construction of designated smoking rooms (DSRs). Upon final implementation, DSRs will be permitted as follows:

    • 17 municipalities allow for DSRs in workplaces (4 municipalities have sunset dates)

    • 27 municipalities allow for DSRs in restaurants and/or bars (4 municipalities have sunset dates)

    • 42 municipalities allow for DSRs in bingo halls (3 municipalities have sunset dates)

    • 15 municipalities allow for DSRs in bowling alleys (4 municipalities have sunset dates)

    • 6 municipalities allow for DSRs in billiard halls (4 municipalities have sunset dates)

    • 21 municipalities allow for DSRs in gaming establishments (3 municipalities have sunset dates)

  • To date, 166 municipalities have fully implemented smoke-free bylaws - 40 of these municipalities allow for DSRs.

  • 10 municipalities (4 allow DSRs) are expected to fully implement smoke-free bylaws in 2005 and beyond.

    Click here to view the 100% smoke-free workplace and public place bylaw chart.

    Click here to view the 100% smoke-free workplace and public place (allows DSRs) bylaw chart.

Municipalities with 100% Smoke-free Public Place Bylaws ONLY

  • There are 42 municipalities that have 100% smoke-free public place bylaws, but do not have workplace regulations in place. They are divided as follows:

    • 3 cities (DSRs permitted in 1 of the 3 cities)
    • 2 counties
    • 1 municipality
    • 1 region
    • 5 towns
    • 5 townships

    In the municipalities that allow for construction of DSRs, they are permitted as follows:

    • DSRs in workplaces: 0 (one municipality allows smoking in lunch room provided an additional room of equal/larger size is designated as non-smoking)

    • DSRs in restaurants/bars: 1 municipality

    • DSRs in bingo halls: 2 municipalities

    • DSRs in bowling alleys: 0 municipalities

    • DSRs in billiard halls: 0 municipalities

    • DSRs in gaming establishments: 0 municipalities

  • By the end of 2004, 39 municipalities will have smoke-free bylaws fully in force (38 currently implemented). Two other municipalities will have fully implemented bylaws in 2005-2006.

    Click here to view the accompanying chart.

Municipalities with Partial Smoke-free Workplace and/or Public Place Bylaws

  • There are 31 municipalities that are covered by partial smoke-free workplace and/or public place bylaws:

    • 3 cities
    • 1 county
    • 1 district
    • 1 municipality
    • 6 towns
    • 7 townships

    20 of the 30 municipalities have some form of 100% coverage in the following facilities:

    • Smoke-free workplaces: 20 municipalities (1 municipalities allows for DSRs)

    • Smoke-free restaurants: 16 municipalities (3 municipalities allow for DSRs)

    • Smoke-free bars: 7 municipalities (1 municipalities allows for DSRs)

    • Smoke-free bingo halls: 15 municipalities (3 municipalities allow for DSRs)

    • Smoke-free bowling alleys: 23 municipalities (4 municipalities allow for DSRs)

    • Smoke-free billiard halls: 23 municipalities (3 municipalities allow for DSRs)

    • Smoke-free gaming: 1 municipality

  • The majority of these municipalities (28 municipalities) already have bylaws fully in force. 3 municipalities will have fully implemented bylaws in 2005 and beyond.

    Click here to view the accompanying chart.

Municipalities With No Smoke-free Workplace and/or Public Place Bylaws

The remaining 197 municipalities do not have a smoke-free bylaw in place or only cover municipal buildings or municipally-owned buildings. Another type of bylaw included in this section are those that allow the proprietor to designate his/her establishment as either a smoking or non-smoking environment.

Click here to view the accompanying chart.




· The Issues
    ·Designated Smoking Rooms
    ·Private Clubs & Canadian Legions
    ·Bingo Halls & Charity Revenues
    ·Casinos & Slots-at-Racetracks
    ·Patios
    ·Enforcement
    ·Age Restrictions
    ·Long-Term Care Facilities
· Legal Issues
· Historical Context
· Ontario Bylaws Chart
· Ontario Bylaw Sumamry
· Campaign Strategy
· Campaign Materials
· Model Bylaw (pdf)


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